(Patent USA 6,164,263 - See the USPTO data base )
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(World wide patent protection in progress)
|Canada and U.S.A.
 Saint-Hilaire et al.
 CDN No. 2,192,714
 USA 6,164,263
 QUASITURBINE (QURBINE) ZERO
| Inventors:||Roxan Saint-Hilaire, B.Sc.A.; Ylian Saint-Hilaire, M.Sc., Gilles Saint-Hilaire, Ph.D.; Françoise Saint-Hilaire, M.L., Casier 2804, 3535 Papineau Ave., Montreal, Quebec, H2K 4J9 Canada|
[ ] Assignee: None  Appl. No.: 08/982,515  Filed: December 02, 1997 [ ] Foreign Application Priority Data USA & CDN 96-  Int. Cl. ………. F01C/ ; F02B/  U.S. Cl. ……… 60/ ; 74/ ; 91/ ; 92/ ; 123/ ; 418/ [ ] Current U.S. Class …… 123/  Field of Search ……. 123/  Reference Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,228,183 Jan., 1966
3,442,257 May, 1969 Walker 123/241
3,614,277 Oct., 1971 Kobayashi 418/270
3,933,131 Jan., 1976 Smith 123/8.47
3,996,899 Dec., 1976 Partner 123/8.25
4,068,985 Jan., 1978 Baer 418/36
4,144,866 Mar., 1979 Hakner 123/241
4,308,002 Dec., 1981 Di Stefano 418/15
4,434,757 Mar., 1984 Walker 123/241
4,548,171 Oct., 1985 Larson 123/230
4,741,154 May., 1988 Eidelman 60/39.34
5,036,809 Aug., 1991 Goodman 123/241
5,305,721 Apr., 1994 Burtis 123/205
5,399,078 Mar., 1995 Kuramasu 418/61.2
5,404,850 Apr., 1995 La Bell 123/263
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
2,448,828 DE Apr., 1976
3,027,208 DE Oct., 1981 Artajo 418/270
Attorney, Agent or Firm: None
(QURBINE) ZERO VIBRATION -
CONTINUOUS COMBUSTION ROTARY ENGINE, COMPRESSOR OR PUMP
|For a better understanding, please refer to the full page Diagram and photos of the Quasiturbine|
While most rotary engines use the principle of volume variation between a curve and a moving cord of fixed length, this new engine concept uses a four degrees of freedom X, Y, q , F rotor , confined inside an internal housing contour, and does not require a central shaft or support. The invention is an assembly of four carriages supporting the pivots of four pivoting blades forming a variable-shape rotor. This rotor rolls just like a roller bearing on the surface of an housing internal contour wall shaped like a skating rink. During the rotation, the rotor pivoting blades align alternatively in a lozenge and a square configuration. All ports are radial in the housing and/or axial on the lateral side covers. Since the compression and expansion strokes start and end simultaneously, an ignition flame transfer slot is used to maintain a continuous combustion while four strokes are completed in every rotation. A central shaft is not needed for the engine to operate, but can be added and driven by the blades, through a mechanical arms coupling. The device incorporates few parts, does not need a crankshaft or a flywheel, and can be made strong enough to meet the criteria of photo-detonation and direct hydrogen combustion.
21 Claims, 2 drawing figures
Alors que la plupart des moteurs rotatifs sont basés sur le principe de la variation de volume entre une courbe et une corde mobile de longueur fixe, ce nouveau concept moteur utilise un rotor à quatre degrés de liberté X, Y, q , F piégé dans le contour intérieur d'un boîtier moteur, et ne requérant pas d'arbre ou support central. L'invention consiste en quatre chariots supportant les pivots de quatre pales d'un rotor de forme variable, et roulant à la manière d'un roulement à aiguilles sur la paroi intérieure d'un stator profilé en forme de patinoire. Durant la rotation, l'assemblage du rotor passe alternativement d'une configuration en losange à une configuration carrée. Les fenêtres sont soit radiales dans le stator et/ou transversales dans les couvercles latéraux. Comme les cycles de compression et de détente débutent et terminent simultanément, un canal d'allumage est utilisé pour maintenir une combustion continue, alors que quatre combustions sont effectuées à chaque rotation. Ce moteur peut fonctionner sans arbre central, mais peut aussi en entraîner un à l'aide de bras de couplage reliés aux pales. Ce dispositif utilise relativement peu de composants, n'a pas besoin de vilebrequin ni de volant d'inertie, et peut être construit suffisamment robuste pour rencontrer les critères de la photo-détonation et de la combustion directe de l'hydrogène.
21 Revendications, 2 Figures dessinées
This invention relates generally to internal combustion engines and relates specifically to a rotary internal combustion engine having a four degrees of freedom rotor, confined into a calculated housing internal contour wall. As a perfectly balance device without crankshaft, this invention is a true rotary engine, by opposition to rotary piston engine. This device also relates to compressors, and pressure or vacuum pumps.
DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART :
Many rotary engine concepts have been proposed including a pressure energy converter, rotary engine or compressor as in U.S. Patent Nos. 4,068,985, 3,996,899; a rotary disk engine as in U.S. Patent No. 5,404,850; a rotary planetary motion engine as in U.S. Patent No. 5,399,078; a rotary detonation engine as in U.S. Patent No. 4,741,154; a rotary combustion engine as in DE Patent No. 2,448,828, U.S. Patent Nos. 3,933,131, 4,548,171, 5,036,809; the Wankel type engine as in U.S. Patent Nos. 3,228,183, 4,308,002, 5,305,721, and a continuous combustion engine as in U.S. Patent No. 3,996,899. Most rotary engines, and particularly the Wankel and those described in U.S. Patent Nos. 3,442,257, 3,614,277, 4,144,866, 4,434,757, DE Patent No. 3,027,208 are based on the principle of volume variation between a curve and a moving cord of fixed length as a sliding single piston-object. This invention does not use this principle, since the housing contour wall has four zones of maximum curvature, and the maximum volume as well as the compressed volume, are both located in a minimum curvature area.
OBJECTS AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION :
The object of this invention is to provide a new engine concept making use of a four degrees of freedom rotor, confined inside an internal housing contour wall, constituting an hybrid piston-turbine engine where the rotor acts alternatively and similarly as a compressor turbine and a power turbine, unifying in one, both of the turbines in a conventional gas turbine engine.
An other object of this invention is to provide a low noise, perfectly balanced, zero vibration, low rpm engine, making use of a more efficient and less NOx productive asymmetric pressure cycle, giving less time to compression and exhaust stroke, and allowing more time and volume to the intake and combustion stroke.
A further object of this invention is to provide a fast accelerating, zero dead time engine, and to provide an engine almost universal in relation to energy sources, which can run efficiently on pneumatic, steam, hydraulic, liquid and gas fuel internal combustion, and due to its short pressure peak and cold intake area characteristics, is as well suitable for photo-detonation mode and pure hydrogen fuel combustion.
An other further object of this invention is to provide a high weight and volume density engine, compressor or pump, without need of any valve, check valve or obstruction, and with neither a crankshaft or a flywheel.
In order to achieve those objects, the present invention uses a four degrees of freedom rotor X, Y, q , F , confined into a calculated housing internal contour wall, which does not require any central shaft or support for most applications. This concept has an optimum efficiency like the piston, because the maximum expansion volume at the end of each stroke is exactly equal to the volume generated by the movement of the tangential surface of push over a rotation.
The rotor is composed of four inter-linked pivoting blades, the pivoted ends of which are supported by a set of four carriages, free to rock on those same pivots. The assembly of the four blades and four carriages forms the rotor which is confined within the housing internal contour wall. Two plane side covers close the engine end. Intake, sparkplug and exhaust ports are made either radial in the housing, or axial in the side covers, or both.
Sealing with the side covers is effected by a system of linear and pellet type seals in contact with the plane side covers, and a spring loaded housing contour seal (apex) sitting on each carriage located in-between its set of wheels, and always perpendicular to the housing contour wall. The chamber is defined by two successive contour seals, and extend between the housing contour wall, and the related pivoting blade.
Rotation of the rotor bring successively the pivoting blades farther and closer of the housing contour wall, thus producing the compression needed by the engine, with possibility of very high compression ratio. Since there are four pivoting blades simultaneously involved in the four strokes cycle, this engine fires four times every revolution, with no dead time. The central engine area is empty, but can have a central shaft, linked to the four pivoting blades, or hold other devices such as an electric generator, a jet blades, a blower or a pump.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS :
A more complete appreciation of the invention will be readily apparent when considered in reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a rotary internal combustion engine according to the present invention(seals not shown);
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal blow up sectional view for two different rotor angle positions, showing a square blades rotation arrangement on the left, and a lozenge arrangement on the right.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT :
Referring to FIG. 1, an exemplary rotary internal combustion engine according to the present invention is shown and is designatedgenerally by reference numeral 10. The rotary engine 10 includes a housing 11 with a particular internal contour wall12 and two lateral plane covers, containing a rotor composed of four pivoting blades 13 and four rocking carriages 17 and wheel 18. Each pivoting blade 13 has a filler tip 14 and a traction slot 15, and their two ends pivots 16 sit on their respective rocking carriages 17.
basic geometry of the rotor is shown on the FIG. 2 blow up, for two different
rotor angle positions. The rotor is
composed of four (one more blade 13 is shown due to blow up) pivoting blades 13
playing a similar role as the pistons or turbine blades, one end of each
pivoting blade having a hook pivot 16 and the other end a cylinder pivot 16.
Each pivot 16 sits into one of the four rocking carriages 17 (one more carriage
17 is shown due to blow up). Each carriage 17 is free to rotate around the same
pivot 16 in such a way as to be continuously and precisely in contact with the
housing contour 12. Each rocking carriage 17 carries a housing contour seal of
one of different design 24, 25, 26 midway between the wheel axes 19. The chamber
is defined by two successive contour seals 24 or 25 or 26, and extends between
the housing contour wall 12, and the related pivoting blade 13. There are four
variable volume chambers forming two quasi-independent consecutive circuits,
each producing a compression and an expansion stroke, which start and end
simultaneously. In the four strokes engine operation, the first circuit is used
to compress and to expand after combustion, the next circuit is used to expel
the exhaust and to intake the air.
central shaft 32 is not needed for the engine to operate. However a central
shaft 32 can be driven through a set of coupling arms 33 as shown in FIG. 2,
attached to the blades 13 by means of the traction slots 15 and through a set of
arm braces 34, the ends of which are linked to the central shaft. Those link
braces 34 are also useful to remove the RPM harmonic modulation on the shaft.
Notice from FIGS. 1 and 2 that the central shaft assembly
32, 33, 34 is a sliding plug-in unit, easily removed through the back
cover central hole 23 without dismantling the engine. In some applications, a
central bearing attachment not shown is used to diminish the load pressure on
the carriages 17 and against the opposite housing contour wall 12. When a
central bearing is used, carriage wheels 18 can be replaced by rubbing pads
since their role is then only to maintain the carriages 17 properly aligned for
adequate contour seal 24, 25, 26 angle. No tensioning device has been proven
necessary to keep all carriages 17 in good contact with the housing contour wall
assembly of carriage 17 and wheels 18 must be voluminous but not necessarily
heavy, in order to fill a substantial volume in the chamber. Pivoting blades 13
are shaped with a filler tip 14 to allow the control of the residual volume in
the upper and lower chambers at maximum pressure square configuration, as seen
on FIG. 1. and 2. left. The top of the filler tip 14 must be shorten such to
permit an adequate compression ratio, and to insure that only a fraction of the
gas is in the tiny interstices at the time of fire. Because the pressure pulse
at top dead center is much shorter than in piston engine, the shape of the
combustion chamber is much less critical. Carriage wheels 18 should be wide to
reduce contact pressure with the contour wall 12. To distribute wear, the front
and back wheels 18 of the same carriage 17 are positioned off line with
overlapping paths. For smoother operation, roller bearing are inserted in the
blade's 13 hooks pivot 16, to link friction free the cylindrical end of each
pivoting blade 13 to the carriage 17 pivot surface.
lateral seal for the low pressure applications is used on each side cover 21,22,
and is made of a compression ring along the pivot 16 path 20. This
quasi-elliptical seal is made of a slight deformation of a flexible metal sheet
jacket (not shown). For high-pressure application, standard gate like linear
seals 28 in the rotor blades 13 are provided. At pivots 16, the lateral sealing
is assumed by a set of arc blade pellets 29, circular blade pellets 30, and
carriage grooved pellets 31, all pressing against the side covers 21, 22. The
large blade pellet 30 gains to have a hole (not shown) in the center to prevent
pressure push back.
loaded housing contour seals 24, 25, 26 of different possible designs are
incorporated in a groove in the carriages 17 between the axes 19 of the two
wheels 18 to insulate the chambers. Each housing contour seal 24, 25 26 sits on
a rocking carriage 17 in such a manner as to be always perpendicular to the
engine housing contour wall 12. For intermediary pressure applications, a
sliding gate type seal 24 is used. A butterfly type seal 25 suitable for low to
moderate pressure applications is made of a stack of flat springs, which has the
advantage of a minimal course during the rotation, but may be subject to
excessive friction at high pressure. An advanced split contour seal 26 design
suitable for very demanding applications uses a sloped groove in the carriage
17, and the internal chamber pressure to help maintaining itself in place at all
time. This split contour seal design 26 uses the flat springs 27 anchored in the
carriage 17 wheel area 18 also to oppose the tangential force. The split contour
seal 26 contact point with the housing contour wall 12 is off the carriage 17
groove sloped plane for a positive pressure contribution.
counter-clockwise rotation as a four strokes combustion engine, the four
chambers are used in a sole circuit and the cycle is: intake, compression,
expansion, exhaust. One of the left upper ports 37, 38 is fitted with a spark
plug. The top right port 39 is closed with a removable plug 40. Ports 41, 42 are
intakes from a conventional carburetor or must be fitted with a gas or diesel
injector. Exhaust is expelled at ports 43, 44. In order to pass along the
flame and make a continuous combustion engine, a small channel 36,
located along the internal housing contour wall 12 next to the spark plug 35 at
port 37, allows a voluntary flow back of hot gas into the next ready-to-fire
combustion chamber when each of the contour seals 24, 25, 26 passes over 36. The
amount of flow can be controlled by screwing or unscrewing the spark plug 35.
This channel 36 is called the ignition transfer cavity or slot, and permits
continuous combustion like in a turbine engine and in the same time generates a
dynamically enhanced compression ratio in the almost ready-to-fire combustion
chamber, allowing for a more complete and faster combustion. Furthermore, the
four housing contour seals 24, 25, 26 are at variable distances during rotation,
such as to permit an additional geometric volume pressure enhancement. The
additional compression may lead to desirable or not photo detonation (kicking)
and diesel pressure level when a diesel injector is located at spark plug 35
positions 37 and/or 38. In the ports 38 of the side cover 21, 22, the spark plug
cavity is made large enough to withhold a small quantity of hot gas until the
next ready to fire mixture comes up, which does allow for continuous combustion
but without the dynamically enhanced compression ratio. Lateral ports 38, 42, 44
of the side cover 21, 22 offer better air-tight conditions while crossing in
front of the ports due to the large carriage 17 lateral surface. An ignition
timing advance can be built-in by slightly shifting the effective position of
the spark plug 35 and/or the channel location 36. By blowing high pressurized
air into the spark plug holes 37, 38 or into the ignition transfer cavity 36,
the rotor accelerates until the self-starting point is reached. No
synchronization of the sparks is required, and continuous high-frequency sparks
or glow plug do. The exhaust in the side covers 21, 22 is progressive through a
long arc port 44 which could allow, by flowing early exhaust through a standard
Venturi, to produce a depression helping the late exhaust cleanup. This rotary
engine 10 can also run as two parallel two strokes engine circuits, compression
- expansion and compression - expansion, by blowing the exhaust with an intake
mixture available from an external blower as in the conventional multi pistons
two strokes engines.
additional feature, this rotary engine 10 requires few parts compared to a
piston engine. Due to the continuous combustion and to its self-synchronized
capability, this engine 10 is suitable for applications where high reliability
is required. Average angular rotation speed of each pivot 16 (back and forth) of
the pivoting blade 13 is about one third of the central shaft 32 RPM, while
carriage wheels 18 rotate at 6 times the central shaft
32 RPM. This engine 10 central shaft 32 rotates at only a fraction of the
maximum RPM of a piston engine except in detonation mode, with an idle under 200
RPM. Having a much better torque continuity than the piston engine, this engine
10 does require less flywheel effect and less gear box ratio for most
help cooling and reduce lubrication, at least one of the lateral side covers 21,
22 has a large central hole 23 exposing the pivoting blades 13 central area of
the rotor such that all parts of the engine 10 are external, except for the
carriage 17 and wheels 18 which are always in good thermal contact with the
housing contour 12. A simple way to lubricate is to use a mixture of fuel and
oil even in the four strokes engine mode, but more sophisticated applications
could incorporate pressurized oil distribution systems. Since the seals are the
only friction surfaces, the need of lubrication is minimized by an optimal
choice of anti-friction materials.
of the wheels 18 on the inner housing wall 12 allows for heat transfer and
distribution to the whole housing 11. The pivoting blades 13 are cooled by
lateral contact, and by ventilating wings (not shown) located toward the central
engine area. Since this engine 10 does not have any oil pan or inactive room, it
is suitable for operation in all orientations, and in submerged or hostile
environments. Furthermore, due to the continuous combustion, this engine 10 can
be used under water as a self contained pump or jet propulsion unit, or in
electrically conductive environments.
In addition to the internal combustion engine, this engine 10 can be used as a compressed fluid pneumatic, steam, or hydraulic energy converter motor. The engine 10 then uses the two quasi independent symmetrical chamber circuits in parallel, with all port plugs 40 removed. For counter-clockwise rotation, intakes are housing ports 37, 41 and exits are ports 39, 43. Torque is generated symmetrically in the two opposed expansion chambers and adds up, and the rotor is almost self-starting. Except when ports are in the sides covers 21, 22, the direction of rotation can be reversed by reversing the direction of the flow. When used as a flow meter, the device 10 also works in both directions. Mechanically driven, this fluid energy converter motor 10 becomes a compressor, or a pressure or vacuum pump, with the same two quasi independent circuits working their own cycle. In compressor mode, this device 10 builds up pressure by adding four chamber volumes per revolution and per chamber circuit, without making use of a limiting check valve, providing that some temporary back flow is acceptable. Total pumped volume can reach up to 70% of the contour 12 volume per rotation. The housing 11, the pivoting blades 13, and the carriages 17 can be made of metal, glass, ceramic or plastic, the later mostly for compressor, pump or water hydraulic engine applications.
Calculation of the SAINT-HILAIRE's (from the name of the physicist who made the calculation) housing contour family of curves 12 is quite complex. To achieve the desired characteristics and to distribute stress and constraints on the housing 11, a proper selection of distances between wheel axes 19 (Distw), wheel diameter 18 (Dw) and carriage 17 height (H) must be made. At first it is not obvious that such a contour exists, particularly a monotone one without lobes, but it does in practice within an interesting range of the deformation parameters (P) defined as the ratio of the minimum lozenge diagonal (LDmin) to the maximum (LDmax). As the rotor rotates, pivoting blades 13 align in a square configuration as in FIG. 1 and in the left arrangement of FIG. 2, with the upper and lower chamber at top dead center. At that moment, the two upper and lower carriages 17 tend to align themselves almost horizontally. The carriages 17 angle (Gsq) with the horizon in the square configuration, determines whether or not the rotor will need a central bearing support to stabilize lateral motion. To avoid the central support, we have selected for the housing contour 12 shown in FIG. 1 and 2, a deformation parameter (P) of 0.800, which leads to an angle Gsq of 28.00 degrees. For the current case (P=.800), lozenge corner angle varies from 90.000 +/- 12.680 degrees.
A numerical spreadsheet application has been developed to calculate the contour family of curves. The method constrains the symmetry of the contour 12 only through the central housing axis and first calculates the profile (not a contour at this stage) of the centers of the carriage wheels 19. Calculations start with an approximate profile of the wheel 19 centers and calculate the profile 20 of the carriage pivots 16, which is imaged through the lozenge transformation into a quality control profile 20 of the pivots 16 about 90 degrees out of phase. Profile of the wheel centers 19 are then modified by Monte Carlo random perturbations method or convergent algorithm, until those two calculated profile 20 of the carriage pivots 16 and the profile 20 of quality control pivots 16 become identical and in coincidence. Close analytic mathematical match of the profile of the wheel centers 19 "cw" has been found to be of the following form, with three adjustable parameters (A, B, C):Xcw = A . (H + LDmax / 2 ) . ( 1 - C . ABS (cos ( Z ))) . cos ( Z ); Polar: Angle = arctan ( Ycw / Xcw )
Ycw = B . (H + LDmin / 2 ) . sin ( Z ); Radius = Sqrt (Xcw 2 + Ycw 2 )
Where Z is a generating angle, not the actual angle of the profile of the wheel centers 19 position. Error using this formula does not exceed 0.4%; a second order correction reduces this error by almost ten folds. Exact mathematical profiles do not exist except for some particular parameters selection. The length of the pivoting blade (Lz for lozenge side) is measured from the center of the cylindrical pivot 16 at one extremity to the center of the hook pivot 16 at the other. The following sets of parameter values, normalized to the pivoting blade 13 length (Lz), generate acceptable final profile of the wheel centers 19. Corresponding parameters values are given below for 3 values of the deformation P:
Lozenge deformation parameter P = (LDmin / LDmax): 0.800 0.750 0.700
Lozenge side (Lz) pivot to pivot: 1.000 1.000 1.000
Distance between carriage wheel (Distw): 0.607 0.578 0.551
Carriage wheel diameter (Dw): 0.303 0.289 0.276
Height of the carriage (H): 0.152 0.144 0.138
Square carriage angle (Gsq): 28.00 22.62 16.72
Lozenge corners limit angle: 90 degrees +/- 12.68 16.26 20.01
Larger final profile diameter: 2.258 2.245 2.231
Smaller final profile diameter: 1.901 1.809 1.720
Constant A: 1.048 1.036 1.022
Constant B: 1.029 1.021 1.015
Constant C: 0.422 0.586 0.778For P < .760, the profile 19 of the wheel centers and of the housing contour 12 start to show lobes. Those solutions are also mathematically acceptable, but do generate higher stress on the rotor. Housing contours 12 have also been calculated for two interesting limit cases:
1. A rotary apparatus able to produce mechanical energy from pressurized fluids flow like hydraulic, steam, pneumatic, and internal combustion, or to pump, vacuum and compress, comprising :
2. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein the said housing contour wall is generally shaped like a rounded corner parallelepiped, with four areas of maximum curvature and four intermediate areas of minimum curvature.
3. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein to permit higher eccentricity to the said rotor, the calculated said contour wall is lobe shaped, with six areas of maximum curvature and six intermediate areas of minimum curvature.
4. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein the contour of the said contour wall is one of a family of curves, and the method for calculating those contours includes the following calculation steps:
5. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein each pivoting blades comprises:
6. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, further comprising:
7. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein said filler tip is fixed to and extend outwardly forms the said pivoting blade between two consecutive carriages.
8. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein said filler tips are fixed to and extend outwardly forms the said two carriage ends pertaining to the pressure chamber.
9. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein said ports are radial housing ports for a spark plug, intake and exhaust, located near where the contour seals stand at top dead center. 10. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein said ports are lateral side cover ports for a spark plug, intake and exhaust , located on the pivoting blade pivots path, and near the blade pivot positions when at top dead center. 11. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, comprising a set of said housing contour seal made as a spring loaded sliding gate type. 12. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, comprising a set of said housing contour seal using a stack of flat springs hold midway by a semi circular insert and called butterfly type, suitable for moderate pressure applications. 13. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, comprising a set of said advanced split contour seal, using a carriage sloped groove and the internal chamber pressure to help maintaining the said seal in place at all time, and suitable for very demanding applications. 14. A rotary apparatus as defined in claim 1, having a system of said lateral seal carried by the said blades and carriages, comprising:
* * * * *
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Quasiturbine Agence Inc., Promotional
Agent for the Quasiturbine Continuous Combustion Rotary Engine or Compressor
Casier 2804, 3535 Ave Papineau, Montréal Québec H2K 4J9 CANADA (514) 527-8484 Fax (514) 527-9530